What makes the lack of iron in the body

What makes the lack of iron in the body?

For normal functioning, the organism needs many different substances. Iron – extremely important trace element that everyone needs. And what will happen if his deficit arises?

Why need iron?

For what our body is needed iron? This is an extremely important trace element, which is part of the blood, namely hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the most real oxygen carrier. It is due to this component of blood oxygen flows to all tissues and cells, providing their normal functioning.

In addition, without iron would be impossible right growth and harmonious development. And this microelement normalizes the work of the immune system, it is part of some substances that protect the cell cells from the negative impact of oxidation products, normalizes metabolic processes, and also responsible for the condition of hair, nails and leather. And the iron requires a liver, which cleans the body from toxins.

How many people are required?

In general, in the body of a person’s iron is always contained, but part of it daily leaves with blood, feces, urine, skinned skin cells, as well as the lunned epithelium mucous membranes. And that is why the loss of this trace element must be constantly filled.

The average need for a person in the gland average is 1 milligram. But the incoming iron is assumed only by 10% (and sometimes by 3-5%). Specific consumption rules are influenced by several factors: gender, age, health condition and individual features of the body.

On average, the need for iron is:

  • For adult men: 10-15 milligrams;
  • For adult women: about 20 milligrams;
  • For children: from 5 to 17-18 mg;
  • During pregnancy and in the postpartum period (2-3 months after childbirth), the need increases by 2-3 times and is about 30-35 milligrams.
What makes the lack of iron in the body

Why not enough iron?

We list the main reasons for the lack of iron in the body:

  • Accelerated growth. Often iron deficiency is observed in children at the age of 2-4 years (it is during this period a growth leap occurs).
  • Transitional age. At this stage, the body is rebuilt on a new mode of operation due to changes in the work of some important systems, and the need for the hardware increases sharply.
  • Unbalanced nutrition. Often the lack of iron arises in women who observe the diet. In addition, risk and vegetarians are susceptible. Iron, of course, also contains in some products of plant origin, but in this form this trace element is absorbed extremely bad. Best iron getting from meat and offal. . At this stage, the need for the gland increases at times, because it must come to the body of a growing fetus.
  • Breast-feeding. The baby everything needs gets from milk, so iron nursing mom will be required.
  • Significant blood loss. Iron deficiency may occur with wounds and bleeding wounds, in women due to abundant menstruation, bleeding hemorrhoids, as well as in the ulcer of the stomach and other illness of the digestive organs, in which the integrity of the mucous membranes is disturbed.

What threatens the deficiency of iron?

If iron deficiency is observed in the body, iron deficiency anemia occurs. And if nothing is done, this state can lead to quite serious and sad consequences. Here is some of them:

  1. Violations in the work of the cardiovascular system. So, the heart rhythm and the contractile activity of the heart muscle may be disturbed. Often decreases level of blood pressure.
  2. With a shortage of this trace element, the muscles will suffer. Muscular fabric will not get with the blood of the required amount of oxygen and nutrients. Because of this, the muscle tone will decrease, and then atrophy may gradually.
  3. In children, the lack of iron can cause physical and mental development delays, a decrease in intelligence, memory deterioration and concentration.
  4. Due to iron deficiency anemia, the work of the immune system will violate. Immunity will decline so that viruses, bacteria and all sorts of pathogenic microorganisms will attack the body, provoking frequent colds, infections, ORZ and ORVI.
  5. Will certainly suffer and the digestive tract. Due to the disorders of the integrity of the mucous membranes, the digestion and the suction process through nutrient digestive organs. Appetite will decline, there will be a violation of the chair.
  6. The deficit will reflect on the state of hair, skin and nails. Hair will become brittle and fall out. The skin will be dry, cracks will occur. In addition, the color of the epidermis will change, it can become gray or yellowish. Nails will begin to get out and break. For women, such changes are especially tangible and undesirable.
  7. In women, due to the shortage of such a trace element, there are often impaired menstrual cycle.
  8. The nervous system may suffer. Often, with iron deficiency anemia, mood changes, nightmares occur, there is anxiety and increased nervous excitability, sleep is disturbed.
  9. Especially dangerous lack of iron during pregnancy. If the fruit will not receive the required amount of such an important trace element, then it threatens the low weight of the fetus, as well as the lag in development and serious pathologies. In addition, under iron deficiency anemia often begin premature labor. There is a threat of miscarriage.
  10. Since due to the deficiency of iron and reducing the level of hemoglobin in the blood, literally all tissues do not receive the required amount of oxygen, almost all systems suffer: reproductive, endocrine, immune, digestive, urinary, respiratory and cardiovascular. As a result, the general human health will deteriorate significantly.

How to identify deficiency?

Are there any signs on which you can define iron deficiency? Yes there is. Here are some symptoms of iron deficiency anemia:

  • It is worth paying attention to the appearance. A person with iron deficiency leather will be dry, grayish or yellowish. Dark circles may appear under the eyes. Nails will become brittle and fragile, hair will fall out and sneeze.
  • Many have a shortness of breath, which appears even after minor physical exertion.
  • Feet and palm feet can be cold, even in warm season. This is due to circulatory disorders.
  • Increased fatigue, chronic fatigue. Man feels tired and tired almost since the morning.
  • Headache and dizziness may occur.
  • Weakness. In such a state, a person is even after sleep or rest.
  • The mood is often changing, sudden attacks of anxiety and fear may occur. It’s hard to fall asleep, he sleeps restlessly and sensitive.
  • Heart Rate Violations: Heart Bearing, Slowing Pulse, Sneaker Heart Patient.
  • Apathy, depression, loss of interest in life.
  • Disorders of digestion, deterioration of appetite.
  • Tingling in the palms and in the feet.
  • Frequent colds.
  • Memory deterioration, decline in focus.

How to avoid problems?

Prevention of iron defense anemia implies, first of all, balanced nutrition. Include in the diet more iron rich in iron. These include: beef liver, red meat, lentils, beans, spinach, chicken eggs.

Also necessary products containing vitamin C (it contributes to the best absorption of iron): greens, citruses, berries, green vegetables. In addition, reduce the amount of tea and coffee used. When acute deficit, consult a doctor so that he appoints you an iron-containing vitamin drug.

Watch for iron intake in the body to avoid unpleasant consequences.

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