What are the vitamins for pregnancy: the most complete list
If an ordinary person is enough to stick to healthy food to be vigorous and feeling great, then the future mothers are not so simple. Lisa.RU will tell what vitamins for women during pregnancy are necessary.
Vitamins for pregnancy are very important. And every mineral performs its role. Even a slight deficit of certain micronutrients can adversely affect the health of the future mother, and, most importantly, the development of the kid.
There are several arguments in favor of synthesized drugs.
The body of pregnant works for two, the growing baby can "pick up" useful substances from food, and the future mother will remain all.
It happens, the food habits of pregnant women are changing, and then from useful cottage cheese or fish simply grogit, drugs will come to the rescue.
Additives can prevent various troubles like hair loss and nail fragments.
The situation when fresh vegetables, fruits and greens are unavailable most of the year, – also the reason to discuss with the gynecologist.
What exactly must be considered by making up a menu, and how many vitamins during pregnancy should be in the diet so that the child develops properly?
We made a selection of micronutrients that can be considered the most important at the planning stage and pregnancy itself.
Vitamin A (Retinol). For the future mother, it is useful in that it increases the resistance of respiratory infections, which, during pregnancy planning, it is better to avoid, because they weaken the body. In addition, it is necessary to regulate the activity of genes and aging cells, as well as to ensure the normal functioning of the skin, mucous membranes and organs of vision.
As for the future kid, the sufficient amount of this substance in the diet of mothers has a positive effect on its intellectual abilities, and also plays a large role in the formation of limbs, hearts, hearing and vision organs. They are rich in the following products: greens, egg yolk, liver, cheese, butter, cream, and fishery. Recommended daily rate of consumption – 3000.
Vitamin B1 (thiamine). Plays an important role in the process of metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins, helps to maintain the work of the heart, as well as nervous and digestive systems, and its lack leads to violations in the work of the central nervous system. If in the diet of a woman who plans pregnancy is not enough of this substance, then during navigation, the fruit can fall behind in development, since B1-vitamin failure increases the risk of developing the nesting tube defects.
In order to maintain the amount of thiamine at the proper level, a woman needs to use 1.7 mg. per day. The substance is contained in products such as beans, bread, nuts, carrots, onions, apricots, rosehip and beets.
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin). He participates in redox processes and helps to ensure proper splitting of fats and carbohydrates, and also takes part in the assimilation by the body of iron and in the synthesis of hemoglobin. In addition, it contributes to a full-fledged formation in the future kid of bone and muscle tissues, and its lack increases the risk of developing nervous tube defects.
Recommended daily consumption rate – 2 mg., which can be obtained from milk and fermented milk products, liver, eggs, tomatoes and cabbage.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine). The main task is to assist in the organism of nutrients and in the process of formation of red blood cells, but in addition, it helps maintain the optimal tone of the uterus and significantly facilitates the symptoms of toxicosis.
For the future, the baby Pyridoxin also plays an important role – due to the deficit, the risk of developing the fetus of neurological disorders increases, so during pregnancy planning women recommend using pyridoxin in the amount of 2.3 mg. Contained in chicken, grenades, bread and porridge from whole grain, legumes, Liver and bananas.
Vitamin B9. Folic acid is one of the most important micronutrients, since its deficiency leads to the emergence of the defects of the nervous tube of the fetus, as a result of which congenital diseases may develop in the kid. It is extremely necessary to the fetus in the first month after conception, since the nervous tube is formed on the 16-28 day of pregnancy, when the future mother may not even know that it is in position.
But in view of the fact that folic acid is destroyed under the influence of temperature and simply from time to time, despite its abundance in some products (greens, meat, cabbage), maintain the amount in the body better with the help of vitamin and mineral complexes.
Of course, it is worth choosing those drugs that have an evidence base, since, according to research, the use of folic acid is much more efficient to ensure prophylaxis if it is combined with other substances). Folic acid dosage is no less important – to ensure the prevention of congenital defects, at the planning stage, a woman should receive 800 μg. Folic acid per day.
According to research, in women who took an AMK, containing a proper amount of folic acid and having a broad evidence base, and before, during pregnancy, the risk of nervous tube defects decreased by 92%.
Vitamin B12 (Kobalammin). Together with folic acid, it provides the correct division of cells, and its insufficient quantity can lead to the anomalies of the fetal development. It is useful for future mom to maintain a protein exchange, as well as stable nervous system operation.
In addition, Kobalamin stimulates the regeneration of the cells of the immune system and participates in the formation of red blood cells, reducing the risk of anemia. A woman who plans pregnancy is recommended to use 3.5 μg. per day (its record number is contained in pork and beef liver, rabbit, beef tongue, oysters, herring and mackerel).
Vitamin RR (Nicotinic Acid). Controls many oxidative processes and cholesterol levels in the blood, expands the vessels, catalyzes carbohydrate and protein metabolism, and also helps the absorption of folic acid, which is extremely important for the development of the future kid.
Nicotinic acid can be synthesized in the human body from tryptophan, but this synthesis does not cover the daily dose even for an ordinary person, and even more so for the future mother, which requires 22 mg. in a day. Large quantities are contained in products such as peanuts, chicken fillet, potatoes, salmon, tuna, soybean, bran and coarse flour bread.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid). Most of the redox processes in the body control the body, and also participates in the formation of connective tissue and the regulation of metabolic processes, improves blood coagulation, stimulates the formation of sex hormones and normalizes vessel permeability.
Ascorbic acid deficiency is dangerous for both mother (leads to the development of cings) and for the future child (affects the risk of congenital defects), therefore the recommended standard (100 mg.) It is better not to ignore, especially since it is easy to get from the berries of black currant and rosehip, conventional white cabbage, kiwi, greens and, of course, citrus.
Vitamin E. The tocopherol contributes to the normalization of the menstrual cycle, so that it is very relevant during planning, and is also responsible for preserving pregnancy, improves the metabolism of cells and tissues and saturates them with oxygen. In addition, vitamin E during pregnancy participates in the formation and development of the placenta, regulates the bloodstand cord and contributes to the attachment and retention of the fetus, reducing the risk of miscarriage.
For the future child, it is no less useful, as affects the development of the epithelium of the respiratory tract and reduces the risk of developing diseases by the respiratory authorities, and also copies in colostrum and protects the baby from oxidative stress after delivery. The daily rate of tocopherol (17 mg.) You can get, using sunflower oil and sunflower seeds, almonds, cereals and legumes, butter, brussels, cauldron and sea buckthorn.
Vitamin D is involved in the exchange of calcium, is responsible for the formation of bones of the fetus.
Calcium helps to form muscle and bone fetal fabric.
Iron gives prevention of anemia, supports hemoglobin level.
Iodine. Iodine deficiency is tested up to 80% of pregnant women. The trace element is part of the thyroid hormones that are responsible for metabolic processes in the body of the future mother, as well as the growth and differentiation of developing tissue tissues.
Magnesium. Starting from the second trimester, due to hormonal changes, the body of a pregnant woman begins to remove a large amount of magnesium, without absorbing it. Therefore, the replenishment of the reserves "from the outside" is necessary to prevent the tone of the uterus, convulsion.