Tick, danger of ticks, symptoms of a tick, ticking encephalitis, means against ticks

Together with the awakening of nature, those whom we are not at all glad to see – pincers. In April, as well as in September – October, there is a peak of activity of these insects for people. This year for ticks was not very favorable, as they like warm winters and early veins, but they had already begun activity.

Favorite places hunting ticks are coniferous forests, as well as wet places: ravines, roadside roads. Pliers are activated before the rain in cloudy weather, and on a clear day they are more dangerous in the morning and in the evening. Summer the most favorable temperature for them will be 20 ° heat.

Is a common misconception that ticks jump on people from the branches of trees, it is not. Pliers who are overwhelmed in fallen leaves and needles, as well as slots in the soil itself, going to the hunt, rise to plants and low branches of trees and bushes and, adopting a convenient position, engage for passing animals and people passing. Interestingly, ticks are practically devoid of vision, can be smelling an approaching a living being from a distance of 10 meters. They are much more (about 10-15 times) on the roadside of roads than in the forest more often, where fewer objects for the attack. Tick ​​lifetime – 30-50 days.

Danger of ticks

The danger of "pick up" the tick lies with us not only in nature. Bring the insect to the house can a dog or a cat that walks down the street, he can be in the bouquet of wildflowers. Also, ticks live on mice and rats that live even in the most civilized cities.

Having come to the open part of the human body, the tick is embarrassed, which is absolutely painless due to the injectable anesthetic substance, and may cause very serious and difficult-to-deeper diseases. Pliers carry such diseases such as tick-borne encephalitis, rolling mite tick, tick-borne borreliosis (Lyme disease), hemorrhagic fever, etc.

The tick is especially dangerous by the fact that it is very difficult to notice due to the microscopic size of the hungry insect, such a tick is not more than the poppy grain. The tick itself is a tiny creature of a brown-brown shade, and the larva is completely difficult to distinguishable with the naked eye. Sitting to the body of a person, the young larva is saturated in about two days, the adult individual, can remain on the body up to 12 days and grow to the size of the ball with a diameter of 2 cm.

When the tick falls on the clothes of a person, he begins to move in search of a place for squeezing, especially the ticks like the armpits, inguinal folds, neck, ear shells and heads of the head. If the tick was not seen right away, then the unpleasant sensations begin to disturb only about 1-2 days, and they appear in the form of a pulling light pain, which arises due to the beginning of the inflammatory process at the bite. The wound herself, which remains after the tick bite itches and can not heal.

How to remove the tick?

Of course, finding himself or his closely sucking parasite, it is best to immediately consult a doctor. If there is no such possibility, the ticks need to be deleted as follows: take the ticks exactly at right angles, without bending it, and turn it, as if turning clockwise clockwise. If the ticks fail to "twist" fully and the proboscis will remain, then nothing else is needed, the remainder of the insect will remove himself, naturally. It is better to perform the entire procedure in thin gloves or with a nasal handkerchief, since the poison from the crushed insect can get into the human body even directly through the skin. If the requested individual still did not have time to get a drink or this is a tiny larva, it is possible to get rid of it using a drop of vegetable oil, which you need to drop into the place of bite, break, thus melting oxygen intake. Instead of oil, you can take cream, vaseline or even kerosene. Insect itself, but only if it is alive, it is desirable to attribute to the hospital for research for the presence of infection. To do this, it needs to be put in a jar with a wet rut or several blades. The place of the bite of the tick must be sure to be disinfected, and the hands thoroughly wash with soap.

Tick-borne encephalitis

A special danger to a person is a disease tick-borne encephalitis. It is for a person, because most animals carry this disease even without explicit clinical manifestations. According to statistical data from 100 people who applied to the tick bites, about 10 are infected with this particular virus. Encephalitis is a terrible disease, leading to the defeat of the central nervous system and the human motor center, as a result of which paralysis can develop, and the outcome of becoming a long-term disability or even death. Comforting is considered to be the fact that even in places of increased cluster of ticks, not more than 5% of individuals are infected.

Cleaning encephalitis can no longer be exercised even up to 25 days, in the middle of the incubation period lasts from one to two weeks. The tick-borne encephalitis is manifested by the following symptoms:

  • high temperature (up to 40 °);
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • acute headache;
  • pain in the joints, muscles and throat;
  • diarrhea;
  • Tick, danger of ticks, symptoms of a tick, ticking encephalitis, means against ticks
  • sweating;
  • Total weakness.

Basically, the disease is manifested immediately in acute form, but sometimes the exacerbation period is preceded by a state of general weakness and ailments. In any case, if the above-mentioned symptoms were disturbed after the tick bite, then immediately refer to the doctor, since self-treatment may be deadly.

The disease can take place completely without consequences, but paresis, paralysis, muscle atrophy, as well as a significant reduction in intelligence and even the development of epilepsy.

However, to protect itself from this unpleasant illness.

Prevention of tick-borne encephalitis, means against ticks

First, going to nature, you need to think about your outfit so that it remains as few open parts of the body. Mandatory to wear a cap.

Secondly, very desirable is the processing of clothing and open areas of the body with special means of repeating ticks-parasites. You can purchase one of the following drugs:

  • "Off! Extreme ",
  • "Biban",
  • "Defi – Taiga",
  • "Gardex Aerosol Extreme",
  • "Gall-radi" or "Gal-Rat-CL",
  • "Deta – Woko",
  • "Refatambomid maximum".

You can also buy, so-called acaricidal drugs that kill ticks, only in this case, remember that their skin getting into the skin is unacceptable, it can be:

  • Bar "Pretiks",
  • Aerosol "Refatamban Taiga",
  • Aerosol "Picnic – Antiques",
  • "Tornado – Anticleus",
  • The "Fumitx – Anticleus" aerosol,
  • Aerosol "Permanon",
  • Aerosol "Gardex – Anticleus".

Preferably hike with overnight in tents postpone up to the hottest months when ticks are less active. But in any case, vegetation around the tent, and also under it best to burn.

Having come from the forest, be sure to inspect your body and clothing, as well as pets, who walked with you on the subject of the bloodsuckers.

Tick-boring encephalitis

An ideal way of protection can be considered only vaccination from tick-borne encephalitis, which is done in three stages. Begin vaccination is best in winter or early spring, in order for insects in the body in the body, immunity managed to work out. The time interval between the first and second vaccination should be from 1 to 7 months (better at least 5-7 months). The third vaccination makes one year after they did the first. Revaccination needed every three years. There is also an emergency vaccination conducted in spring and summer, which takes place in two stages (two weeks after the first place the second vaccination).

Contraindication to grafting from tick-borne encephalitis Only one thing is the individual intolerance to the egg whit.

Be vigilant and observe the necessary precautions when you enter the nature.

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