Thyroid disease: causes, symptoms, prevention

The value of the thyroid gland in our organism is difficult to overestimate. It produces hormones (thyroxine, triiodothyronine and thyroocalcitonin) that affect the work of the whole body, they charge the energy every one of our organ. Hormones produced by the thyroid gland are responsible for metabolism in each organ and each cell of our body. Without them, it is simply impossible to flow such processes as breathing, movement, meals, sleep. Our heart beats, the lungs are swing air, and the brain generates pulses precisely thanks to the hormones of the thyroid gland. And if we speak more in detail about the work of the brain, then the hormones of the thyroid gland are involved in the formation of the brain in the fetus, and in the subsequent work throughout the human life. Our logical thinking, the ability to quickly analyze the situation and even many artistic talents, which are considered to be the gift of God, to a considerable extent depend on the work of this particular authority.

Tyroxin and triiodothyronine hormones are actively involved in the process of growth of the child, the development and strengthening of the skeleton depends on them, the growth of bones. Thyroid gland takes part in the formation of mammary glands in women, is responsible for the water and salt balance of the body and maintaining normal body weight. The thyroid house also helps the work of other hormones, participates in the formation of some vitamins, helps the immune system of our body. The aging of our body scientists also associate with changes in the work of the thyroid gland.

The proper functioning of the thyroid gland plays a particularly important role in the female organism. The thyroid gland is involved in all restructuring of the female organism during the life of a woman. The normal functioning of this organ is very important during puberty, to conceive and carry a child, during childbirth and in the postpartum period, and even during menopause. Problems with conception and hatching of a child may be associated with the wrong functioning of the thyroid, any deviations in the work of this body may have a negative impact on the newborn child.

In most cases, the thyroid disease is hereditary inheritance, but people who do not have a genetic predisposition to them can occur. Improper work of the thyroid gland can manifest itself in different ways, and symptoms on which the disease can be recognized, and treatment methods.

Since the thyroid gland affects all organism systems, and not for any separate body, then recognize violations in its work is not so simple. Symptoms of thyroid diseases We are accustomed to not notice or write off on fatigue, stress, workload at work or family problems. Many people do not even suggest that the cause of their bad mood, fast fatigue, irritability or depression can be hidden in this small, similar to the butterfly, organ.

Many women do not pay any attention, for example, to the irregularity of the menstrual cycle, and this may be one of the signs of the disease of the thyroid gland and this is more than serious.

Here are the main symptoms, with the appearance of which it is necessary to immediately check the work of the thyroid gland:

– Fatigue and fast fatigue, feeling of weakness even immediately after sleep.

– Significant body weight change.

– Depressive and melancholic states.

– Memory problems.

– Feeling heat or cold in the limbs.

– Painful feelings in the joints, arthritis.

– Muscle pain or convulsions.

– Digestive disorders, frequent constipation.

– High blood cholesterol.

Also, thyroid disease can give a small swelling in the neck.

The appearance of all or some of these signs can mean the presence of a subclinical dysfunction of the thyroid gland. This state means that disorders in the work of the thyroid gland are already occurring, but the level of hormones in the blood is still within the normal range. Such violations are very difficult to identify with standard diagnostics and often they remain ignored from the doctor, and the treatment begins only at later stages of the disease. However, to contact the medical institution still costs.

Thyroid disease causes, symptoms, prevention

In many cases, external symptoms of the disease are manifested very slightly even at the last stages. Thyroid disease can be divided into several groups. These are diseases associated with excessive production of hormones, known as the Basedov disease or hypertension, and insufficient hormone production or hypotheyyosis. The number of hormones can be adjusted by means of hormonal methods, a change in the diet and lifestyle, as well as the use of homeotherapy. In any case, the endocrinologist must be examined.

There is another kind of disease: the formation of nodes or tumors. Which can be both benign and malignant. In such serious cases, there are several principles of diagnosis and treatment.

First principle – This is a mandatory conduct of a thin game aspiration biopsy conducted under ultrasound control. Its conduct is the basis of diagnosis, since it is precisely from these results that a malignant or benign will be tumor.

Second principle – Operational intervention until completely removal of the thyroid gland when the malignancy of the node is detected. In our country, the practice of preserving part of the gland has been widespread in operation, but in the world such tactics did not find support. And in contrast – when detecting a benign tumor, it is possible to avoid the operation. The indication for operating intervention in this case is only the rapid growth of nodes and difficulties experienced by a person in connection with this. However, such a phenomenon is rare. In medical practice, a benign tumor is also called "Colloid node", and it occurs more often than malignant. Contrary to common misconception, a benign tumor will not go into malignant. Therefore, the non-surgical treatment of this disease is becoming increasingly popular.

The third principle refers to the treatment of malignant nodes. This is the need for a combined treatment combining operation with subsequent radioiodotherapy. The purpose of such therapy is the destruction of tumor tissue in the human body. It is a combination treatment that will reduce the likelihood of recurrence and distribution of a malignant process in the body. However, the malignant tumors of the thyroid gland belong to the group of oncological diseases that can be fully cured. They don’t have to be "verdict" Patient. As Surgeons say "If you are destined to get cancer, then let it be a thyroid cancer".

Fourth principle of treatment – Patient observation for a long time. People who have benign nodes that do not cause complaints just once a year to conduct an ultrasound of the thyroid gland, as well as to take blood test for hormones and visit the endocrinologist. Patients who suffered a malignant tumor need to attend a physician controlling its treatment and conduct diagnostics.

Due to the blurred symptoms and the hidden flow of diseases of the thyroid gland, it is difficult to accurately assess the extent of the spread of these diseases. But, even considering only the identified cases, it is possible to say for sure that the number of people suffering from them diseases of the thyroid gland stand in one row with diabetes and diseases of the cardiovascular system.

Despite the fact that the study of this body is carried out quite a long time, to accurately name the causes of diseases of the thyroid disease, scientists cannot still. It is believed that a significant role is played by genetic predisposition, as well as the influence of the environment. In our time of the ever-changing environmental situation, it is impossible to accurately predict, if one or another event may affect the human body. So, for example, it is noted that the Chernobyl catastrophe caused a surge of diseases of the thyroid cancer, and the greatest number of diseases had not for the first years after the catastrophe, but was postponed in time for 10 years, and children were the main mass of the sick.

Among the main causes of the occurrence of thyroid glands, in addition to genetic, iodine deficiency is distinguished, which a person is not allowed with food. The greatest content of iodine is celebrated in products of marine origin, such as sea fish and sea cabbage. In some regions of the planet, such products are practically unavailable and eaten extremely rarely. The diseases of the thyroid gland in these regions are noted in tens of times more often than in seaside countries, where many iodine-containing products are used traditionally.

For solving the problem of iodine deficiency, both in our and in other regions, the chemical and food industry took. Now produce products specially enriched with iodine, for example, iodized salt, bread, water. On the shelves of pharmacies, many drugs appeared, which are designed to prevent iodine deficiency in the body. Reception of such drugs is especially recommended for children and women during pregnant and breastfeeding. Now you know everything about the disease of the thyroid gland: the causes, symptoms whose prevention should be timely.

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