This is not a semippace; as in China, LGBTK + content is censored and removed
Despite the censorship of LGBTK + Content In media and on television, student organizations in China for a long time remained safe territory for dating, communication and activist and educational activities. But on July 6, the main social network of China WECHAT blocked official communities of leading universities in the country. Without warnings and clarification. Together with accounts and all posts are disappeared, any information that was posted earlier. This is the continuation of the policy of gradual removal of uncomfortable information on the Internet.
Text: Anastasia Muravyova
Strong male friendship
Since 2016, 84 categories of video are prohibited in China – an image of drug use, porn and erotic content, including too long kisses, married treason and everything that the authorities consider inappropriate in family matters, relationships and money.
LGBTK + video was illegal – any image of homosexual relationships fell under the ban. In the same year, the IQIYI platform was forced to remove the series with frank gay scenes, without letting the last three episodes. In 2018, the scientific fantastic series Guardian disappeared from Youku’s cutting service two months after the premiere, although the love line between heroes was rewritten in friendly. The guardian series, by the way, was very popular – while he was online, he looked at more than a billion times.
In the conditions of LGBT censorship in the cinema and on television, the genre of serials about "Yunoysk Love" was bloomed. It is usually stories about young people who have an attraction to each other, but instead of love relationships, the creators leave only a hint on them or rewrite the script, making characters very close friends.
Serial scenarios are often inspired by web novels and adapted under popular in China. Alibaba, TENCENT VIDEO, Mango TV, and Iqiyi. This year, at least eight such programs are planned to exit.
The most successful genre of "strong male friendship" – historical dramas, where the heroes hugger tightly, keep each other for the waist and gently call each other "brothers". And although censorship prohibits men to openly love each other, the demand from heterosexual women supports the growth of the industry.
This genre is a rare hint of the presence of a non-accompanying line in the mass culture. At the same time, such series only reinforce stereotypes about homosexual relations. Even if genres differ in each other, the heroes in them are the same type – conventional beautiful living in wealth and generally unrealistic femino characters who are designed to conquer the hearts of the audience. However, quirbating or honeycomb on homosexuality of characters is the only way to continue the production and show of such series in China.
Everything was so good until the censorship came
In 2001, homosexuality was excluded from the official list of Chinese mental disorders and legislative LGBT relations today are not prohibited. Moreover, the traditional religion and exercises like Taoism, Buddhism and Confucianism do not perceive homosexuality as a sin. And although "Mozaleoz" became an offense at the time of the last Qing dynasty, pursued for homosexuality extremely rare. In a sense, it was not considered as a threat to Confucian values, until the absolute majority of the family lines continued and the official heterosexual unions concluded. Ancient China, as well as modern, can not be called LGBT Fritth, but the rulers did not bother for a long time, what is happening behind closed doors – the family continues to be built and children are born in them.
The modern stage of development of LGBTK + movement in the PRC began in the 90s after the country’s transition to the market economy. For more than 20 years, the Internet remained fairly free for activism and support by people of each other, but gradually censorship began to cover more and more directions – the systematic removal of LGBTK + forums, accounts and pages. These actions of the authorities were called upon to demonstrate that such information was not welcomed.
In 2015, just a year before the introduction of a ban on candid non-meter-sexual materials online, LGBTK + Community celebrated victory. The court of Beijing ruled in favor of the Chinese director and the LGBT activist Fan Popo. He filed a lawsuit against the Broadcasting Bureau of the PRC (until March 2018 – the main state administration of press cases, printing, broadcasting, cinematography and television), the authority that is responsible for censing content in the country. When Fan did not find his documentary Mama Rainbow, about the stories of six mothers and their experience in communicating with its non-trainers, he sued the regulator and won. Now such a court decision is practically impossible.
In 2018, in one of the main Chinese social networks Weibo in the trends came out hashtag 5.17idaho. He did not have anything in common with the staff of Idaho, and accompanied posts in honor of the World Day of Combating Homophobia, which is celebrated on May 17. At the same time in the Beijing Art Quarter of 798 two girls with icons with a rainbow flag on clothes beat five guards. Girls planned to take part in the event of LGBT-Fritthlee, which was held on the territory of the Art Quarter. At the entrance to the territory of space, the guards asked them to remove the symbolism.
Despite the censorship of LGBT-content in 2016 on the Internet, two years later, on May 17 – International Day for the fight against homophobia, transfobia and bipobia – was one of the most part, including due to the growth of student activity. Volunteer students distributed leaflets and brochures, rainbow bracelets and badges on the streets in support of LGBT. University administrations this is true, did not like.
Universities outside politics
University campuses in China are closed areas with posting for security at each entrance. On the wave of activity in honor of the World Day of Combating Homophobia in 2018, seeing LGBT symbolism, stopped students for an explanatory conversation. Students Wuhan University also received reports from educational departments that "an event in support of the LGBT community is conducted by an illegal organization that can enter into collusion with Western powers".
Sometimes censorship on online platforms was able to defeat. In 2019, WEIBO’s socialset canceled the banned ban on Lesbian posts – a customer staged a massive protest when they found that the popular branch of the discussion became inaccessible. WEIBO flooded posts and photos with the "We Are Les" phrase in support of the LGBT community and against the censorship on the platform.
Protesting the removal of all Pages and posts of LGBT communities of leading universities in WECHAT turned out to be more difficult. When searching for a community of the University of Beijing University of Colorsworld, social network gives a phrase into six hieroglyphs "This official account is not found", although his references to other accounts are still available. Students responded immediately – the day the lock on the biggest web service with different codes GitHub link added to the archive ColorsWorld.
University LGBT displease not only the authorities but also from the conservative citizens. In May of this year Noble Knight Tszyu – blogger with 750 million. subscribers – wrote a post, appalled by the university feminist and LGBTQ + communities in China. The next day, the Ministry of Education of China in Jiangsu Province Office issued an official statement instructing universities to "deal" with the situation. After the July lock LGBT communities throughout China, the same blogger called it the merit. Despite massive online protests, Weibo platform has disabled comments on popular posts about the removal of communities, and WeChat included in the list of posts tsenzuriruemy about locks.
In the modern history of the LGBT movement in China in the past there were branches blocking discussions, but they were a point. Weight history with the student community is well illustrated not only the tightening of censorship against feminist and LGBTQ + content, but also the general policy of "tightening the screws" and the strategy of "the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation". Representatives of LGBTQ + community, however, did not give up and go offline.