Hello Cap to Vinirov:
Nowadays we can change your body, as your heart. For someone transformation of appearance – the way to become more confident in yourself, and for someone – a kind of game. However, the reasons for "work on themselves" may be not only aesthetic – for example, there are a number of orthodontic testimony to correction of bite. The bite is called the ratio of the upper and lower dental rows with complete closure of the teeth. In the pathological bite, the load on the teeth is unevenly distributed, which in some cases is fraught not only to the aging and loss of teeth, but also distortion of oval faces, headaches and other deviations in the work of the temporo-jaw system.
The task of the orthodontist doctor – the formation of the bite, as close as possible to its physiological form. Modern funds are special orthodontic structures – removable and unknown. Removable structures include plates, kapa, trainers, to beamless – bracket systems. Nowadays, they are put by adults, although many such a step is not easy, regardless of age – a little later, we will have a material where different heroes will tell you how they live with braces and whether the result is worth. Personal experience of others can support those who are still in thought or have already decided on a bite correction. However, in everything, with regard to medical intervention, universal councils do not exist. Does the correction need you exactly what method is suitable better how to care for the oral cavity during treatment – only orthodontists can answer all these questions after a thorough examination. Whatever it was, before going to the doctor, it will not hurt to find out what kapa differ from the trains and in what cases you can do the veneer.
Plates invented French dentist Pierre Foshar, who is considered to be the first orthodontist. In 1728, he made a plate for alignment of the teeth – a thin strip of silver, which was attached to the teeth with wire and silk ligature. Since then, the plates have become more technological and are now a metal construction on a plastic basis for the upper or lower jaw, which is fixed on the teeth with special hooks – clamps.
Unlike braces, the plates do not move their teeth, but only hold them in a given position, because they have a sufficiently limited area of application. Plates are installed mainly to children and adolescents – during the active formation of the jaws, and adults – to secure the result achieved by other correction methods (for example, a bracket system). To straighten the teeth in the removable apparatus, wire lugs, loops and springs. If the orthodontist task is to expand the jaw, the expanding screw is inserted between half the plates. With a gradual regulation of the situation on an increasingly relevant "correct" system, this system aligns the dental row. Most modern orthodontists recommend removing the plates for the time of eating, cleaning teeth and sports. Worn design for 3-15 months depending on the testimony.
Abroad kapaps, or elineers, have been successfully used for correction of bite anomalies for several decades, and they began to use them in the CIS countries recently. Kapaps are made of transparent polymer material, therefore are not very noticeable on the teeth. Most often with the help of them, bite in adolescence. Adults, as in the case of plates, Kapa can be installed as the "last stroke" in the treatment of other methods. For the correction of bite anomalies, round-the-clock kapa is used: they are worn at least 21-22 hours, otherwise the results of the correction will have to wait for a very long time. After the end of the bite correction, in the so-called retention period, when the effect of alignment is fixed, night kapas are prescribed. They are also used to protect the teeth with a bruxism – the so-called dental grinding.
There are standard kapa for sale, made on average jaw parameters, and thermoplastic, which soften under the influence of hot water and frozen in the right form directly on the jaw. Neither one nor another option is capable of effective correction of significant curvatures, for this we need individual kapa. First, the orthodontist makes the cast of the tooth row, then adjusts it, taking into account the desired position of the teeth. This basis creates a gypsum model, and then a series of cap – plastic and silicone is made. Kapa moves the tooth in the right direction, and when the specified position is reached, the doctor sets the following kapa – and so several times until the tooth finally takes the necessary position. Kapaps are installed not only to correct the position of the teeth, but also in order to hold them in place. The design should be removed before applying for food and cleaning teeth.
Trainers are made from elastic silicone, and in question assembly, they are also most in demand for adolescents – the most numerous group of patients. Trainers put on the jaw for the time of night sleep, as well as in the daytime – as a rule, within 2-4 hours. In children, trains can stimulate or slow down the growth of jaws, change the width of the nose and the shape of the jaw bones, in adults – eliminate the excessive pressure of maxillofacial muscles, causing an abnormal bite development, and thus maintain the result of treatment with other methods. In addition, the trainers are used to work on minor recurrences of the curvature of the teeth after the correction, bringing the language to the correct position, the formation of nasal respiration and even in order to control the consequences of various harmful habits associated with the health of the teeth (for example, habits to suck fingers or nibble various objects). An important indication for the application of this type of structures is including the impossibility of using plates and bracket systems.
The first in the treatment is used by the so-called initial train: soft and flexible design provides fast adaptation. The final trainer from the more solid material affects the teeth intensively. To secure the results after the active period of treatment, the retention train is used, which just helps prevent recurrences. The period of treatment with trains, as in other cases, depends on the testimony and can last from six months to several years.
With the help of these borrowed structures, invented in the 20s of the last century, many bite disorders can be corrected. The bracket system has a moderate pressure on the wall of the wells, in which the tooth is located, as a result of which the slight discrepancy between the bone occurs, and the tooth will start changing its position. The formed cavity over time grows, fixing the tooth in a new position. Correction can occupy from one and a half to two or more. Sometimes, according to the results of the correction, the installation of a special retailer is shown in the form of plates, kapa or train so that the teeth do not return to its original position. Some doctors argue that the patient’s age practically does not play roles (provided that jaw bones and guys are in a healthy state), but for children up to 10-12 years old, while the root system is not fully formed, the installation of brackets is not shown.
In addition to classic steel braces, there are many other options. For example, ceramic are distinguished by strength, do not irritate their dears and relatively invisible, since they are selected under the tone of the teeth. Plastic is rather fragile and easy to paint food dyes, but they are inexpensive and can be used to correct bite in cases when wearing braces with metal elements is contraindicated. Sapphire systems are durable, transparent, resistant to food dyes; in many respects they are similar to ceramic braces, but are somewhat more expensive. There are also combined systems in which several materials are used (for example, plastic and metal). Fully invisible to those surrounding lingual braces – they are attached from the part of the language. True, wearing lingual systems – as a rule, metal – affects diction, treatment takes a few more time compared to vestibular braces, and the installation and care is more difficult, which is reflected in price.
Vinira is the finest plates made from ceramics or composite material, which are superimposed on the front surface of the teeth and cutting edge (unlike the crown, which covers the whole tooth). With the help of veneers, the chips of teeth are masked, align the height of the tooth row, eliminate the gaps between the teeth, change the color of the enamel. These peculiar "half-skewers" do not move their teeth, but only responsible for the visual side, but this does not prevent the procedure to purchase increasing popularity, so we include it in the material as a bonus. It’s not just aesthetic function – veneers also protect their teeth from damage. They are often installed musicians playing wind instruments.
Viniirs are manufactured in accordance with the form, the color of the patient’s teeth and its wishes. Ceramic cost more, but they are stronger composite. It is important to remember that when installing any veneers, irreversible enamel. American CERINATE company patented ultra-thin ceramic veneers – so-called lumines, which allegedly can be fixed on the tooth without prior scrap. In fact, it is rather a marketing move than an innovative method. First, most of the dental technicians are quite capable of making a veneer of the same thickness, namely 0.2 mm, by ordinary technology (though, the masking ability of ultrathins plates will be low). Secondly, the qualified orthodontist is unlikely to take on fixing lumines or any other veneers without teeth contouring, since only when the necessary long-term effect is achieved when. In the event of a complete removal of the vein, the additional restoration of the tooth will be required.