Buckingham Palace Part 1

Buckingham Palace: Part 1

There are places in the world, when mentioning which we involuntarily begin to think "sublime categories", although every person relates to wealth, sophistication and high style. Among all the palaces of the world, the residence of the English Queen – Buckingham Palace – The symbol of the English nation, takes not just a special place: it is an incarnation of elitism, aristocracy and splendor, and at the same time strict, but luxurious beauty. This palace is of interest from anyone who else comes to London, and many people go there precisely to see it, like other English attractions, famous to the world. Tourists, however, can not always visit the palace, as he is not a museum: he is valid, and the royal family does not live here just a couple of months a year – at this time, in August and September, most of the palace is open for tourists.

The Buckingham Palace did not always belong to the royal family: in the 60s of the XVIII century, he was acquired by King Georg III, one of the most famous British monarchs. Perhaps, no monarch in the world saw so much the most important events of world history, how much the king: it was in George III that American colonies took their independence, and then the Great French Revolution and War with Napoleon – he had to rule England for almost 60 years.

Having bought the palace, Georg constantly rebuilt him and improved, but I didn’t declare him with my residence – in 1837 it did Victoria, it is not less (and maybe more) the famous granddaughter. It can be said that with her, the improvement of the Buckingham Palace was completed, although his facade became such as today, already in 1913, and now there is no palace in the world more majestic and huge: it is even called a small town. It has its own police office, post office, cinema, concert hall, disco, sports clubs, bar, hospital, swimming pool; rooms in it 775, and serve all about 700 people. Only in order to serve all the hours, two employees work all day, and they have enough work – three hundred hours in the palace.

The territory officially considered the palace includes 20 hectares of land, and most of its part – 17 hectares are the famous royal gardens, created in the XVIII century famous English landscaped architect Lancelot Brown – these are the largest private gardens in London. In 1828, a large artificial pond was built on the territory of the palace.

It can not be said that the Buckingham Palace was so always: before, all of Europe considered him ugly, especially against the background of a luxurious and brilliant Versaille, but the fate of the Palace of the English kings is completely different: almost all the palaces of European monarchs have become museums today, and their former inhabitants are legend; Buckinghamsky Palace remained working residence, and here are constantly the most important events for the English nation.

The architectural basis of the entire palace is the house of the Duke of Buckingham, built at the beginning of the XVIII century one of the most famous architects at the time, William Uynd.

Initially, it was a building in the 3rd floor, and on the sides of it there was a small fluege – the duke was going to make this house with their generic estate. His plans, however, did not come true – he did not have heirs left, and then the house bought a king: he paid very big money for him. King George III and his spouses, Queen Charlotte, there was no shortage in heirs: they had children as much as 15, and one of them, George IV, in 1820 he inherited an English throne.

It was with him that the reconstruction of the Buckingham home began, gradually turned into a luxury palace. The king invited the architect John Nash, at that time he was considered the best ampir style master, and a beautifully dealt in landscape design – then in him they should have dealt with all self-respecting architects. Nash’s plans were ambitious: he demanded an inconvenient money from the treasury – 150,000 pounds, and caused this considerable discontent of the nobles and politicians who considered the true decoration of the English crown not luxury and splendor, but the rigor and simplicity.

The two palace wings, southern and northern, were demolished and built again; The courtyard was increased by the construction of a marble arch, and the palace became huge, but elegant and magnificent at the same time. In addition, Nash, who loved luxury and pomp, used the most expensive materials for decoration: For example, a lot of Lazurita was used in the interior of the palace, one of the most valuable natural minerals – we can see these interiors today.

The architect designed all the most famous premises of the Buckingham Palace: a blue, white and green living room, the front desk and the art gallery – a pair of tennis courts can fit into this gallery, and a sculptural gallery – sculptures in it were acquired by King Georg IV.

The successor of George IV, Wilhelm IV, called Nash the Distributor, and invited another wizard, but expenses from this did not decrease. Queen Victoria continued to build: she attached another fluegel, and the palace became four-deeds – the places for her growing family became more.

When Victoria, in the 50s of the XIX century, a ballroom was built – today there are ceremonies and diplomatic techniques in it, and for the finishing of many premises, the Queen decided to use very expensive Carrara marble – contemporaries and it was exacerbated, but she wanted so much.

Buckingham Palace Part 1

Today, many say that the Buckingham Palace is rather like an administrative institution than on a residential building, albeit for the royal family: there are already a lot of people here, there are many important techniques and ceremonies, so you can’t call this life, so calm and family.

Grand Hall is the first room in which the invited to the palace falls: it is also designed by Nash, and a luxury ladder leads from it from it – climbing, you can admire the pictures of great artists chosen by the Queen of Victoria.

Briefly tell about the beauties of the Buckingham Palace will not work – it is better not to talk anything at all, especially since in our time, thanks to the resolution of Elizabeth II, everyone can visit him – it is only necessary to come to London in August or September.

And yet it is worth remembering at least that the royal collection of works of art is considered one of the most beautiful in the world: the exhibits here are collected unique and invaluable – these are paintings, sculptures, porcelain, furniture, but it will not work immediately, because They are constantly changed, exposing in turn – to visit the halls and we need to consider exposures many times.

We mention another attraction of the Buckingham Palace – about changing the palace guard. Here it is safely to say that there is no more such a ceremony in any country in the world: Of course, there are other, more luxurious, long and grandiose, but English guardsmen in red uniforms and real bear caps are a living embodiment of English traditions known in all world of their invisibility and unchanged. The ceremony is very solemn and exciting, and it passes daily at 11.30, although from August to April it can be seen every other day.

In the summer, tens of thousands of guests attend the palace, and the receptions pass in the royal garden, which should be told separately.

It is worth visiting the royal stables: there you can see the real royal carriages that are used to this day, in particularly solemn cases, as well as beautiful horses participating in weddings, visits and other important ceremonies. Karaul change can be seen for free, but for visiting the palace it is necessary to pay about 17 euros; The entrance to the gallery and the stables is paid separately – about 9 and 8 euros, however, these prices can be considered purely symbolic: the ability to touch the legendary secrets of the English royal court is a truly invalid gift.

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